Mass Media 14

TOPIC

The role of the media in shaping public opinions

(上記TOPIC、英語で意見を論理的に述べる技術とトレーニング第7章より引用)

Essay

 I believe that the media should play the role in shaping public opinions in the following ways.
 Firstly, the media should tell the truth. If the media provide people with rigged information, it is not fair for the public to have their opinions. In order for the public to have their opinions, they should know all the true information about it.
 Secondly, if specialists or commentators tell their opinions on the media such as TV or newspapers or the Internet, they should give a notice at the beginning that what they will say now is just their personal subjective opinions and not objective facts. In shaping opinions for the public, it is extremely important to know whether the information they are received is opinions or facts because otherwise people may accept mere opinions as facts. In this way, by means of making them believe as if the media‘s subjective opinions are objective facts, the media can control public opinions. Therefore, it is extremely important for the media to make it distinctly clear whether the information they will provide now is opinions or facts because opinion is always biased however facts are truth.
 As I mentioned, I believe that the media should play the role in shaping public opinions in the aforementioned ways.

メモ

世論形成におけるメディアの役割です。
私が、普段、非常に重要だと思って、なかなか100パーセントは、難しいのですが、なるべく、日頃から気を付けている事、「主観的意見と客観的事実の違い」について、書いてみました。
あくまでも、私の想像ですが、「世界中の人間が、「主観的意見と客観的事実の違い」に、常に気を付けて、認識出来たら、争いごとなどは、大幅に減るんじゃないかなあ」と思います。
特に、宗教戦争、差別、偏見、世代間のギャップなどのほとんどは、「主観的意見と客観的事実の違い」を理解していない事が、主な原因だと、私は個人的には思います。