Medicine 04

TOPIC

What makes organ transplants so controversial?

(上記TOPIC、英語で意見を論理的に述べる技術とトレーニング第7章より引用)

Essay

 I think there are three major reasons why organ transplant is so controversial.
 The first major reason is that some people are worried that the number of crimes increases. There are people who are anxious that it will give rise to crimes such as murders for organs or organ trafficking.
 The second major reason is that some people consider that organ transplant violates sanctity of human body while other people think medical advancement is more important than moral or ethics. It is hard to say which is right or wrong because ethics have a lot to do with religion and religion deals with differing definitions of life.
 The final major reason is that the definition of death is still unclear. People who believe in brain death consider death when brain activity ceases however people who believe in clinical death consider death when heart stops beating and blood circulation and breathing cease. Although under the organ transplant law the brain death is defined as human’s death, recent scientific studies have shown many cases that run counter to the belief that brain death means the complete end of life. As I mentioned above, I think there are three major reasons why organ transplant is so controversial.

メモ

これはなぜ臓器移植は物議をかもしだすのか?というトピックです。
こういう疑問形のトピックは質問に答えればいいので比較的簡単ですね。
また、2次試験の場合、自分が述べた物議をかもしだす理由の解決策、どうすれば解決できると思いますか?といったような質問が予想される思います。