Environment 18

TOPIC

The pros and cons of animal rights

(上記TOPIC、英語で意見を論理的に述べる技術とトレーニング第7章より引用)

Essay

 Although different people have different opinions, I believe that animal rights should be protected for the following three reasons.
 The first reason is that medical experiments on animals do not prove that they can be applicable to humans. It is waste of lives to experiment on animals because different animals react to different stimuli. Humans should find other ways to progress medical science without experiments on animals.
 The second reason is that the livestock industry is one of the biggest causes of deforestation which causes many serious problems such as global warming and droughts. Humans can live without having eaten animals because all sorts of fruits, vegetables and pulses provide the variety of carbohydrates, proteins, fiber, minerals and vitamins that humans need for healthy diet.
 The third reason is that biodiversity plays a significant role on ecosystems and the breakdown of ecosystems causes many environmental changes which could include abnormal weather and natural disasters. Furthermore, some research has shown that a decrease in biodiversity leads to an increase in the number of infectious diseases. Hence humans should preserve biodiversity because protecting animals means protecting ecosystems, and consequently, protecting humans.
 As I mentioned, I believe that animal rights should be protected for the aforementioned three reasons.

メモ

動物の権利に対する賛否両論です。
一般的に、賛成派の意見を書くほうが楽なので賛成派を書きましたが、このトピックは、「controversial」で、かつ矛盾の無いように答えるのは、本当に難しいと思います。
上のような内容になりましたが、私は肉も魚も食べますので、エッセイの場合は良いのですが、2次試験のスピーチで、「じゃあ、あなたは動物を一切食べないのですね?」と聞かれたら、返す言葉がありません笑
菜食主義の方は良いのですが、そうでない方は、スピーチのQ&Aで矛盾の無いように答えるのは、厳しいと思います。
ただ、「野生の肉食動物が獲物を食べるのと同様に、人間が動物を食べるのも、食物連鎖上自然な事だ」と反論できるかもしれませんが、それだと反対派の意見を支持してしまうことになり矛盾が生じます。
本当に、難しいトピックですね。