Environment 12

TOPIC

How to alleviate water shortage problems

(上記TOPIC、英語で意見を論理的に述べる技術とトレーニング第7章より引用)

Essay

 Since over 1.2 billion people lack access to clean water and uncountable number of people died due to it, water shortage is one of the most impending problems. Now I would like to mention two major ways to alleviate it.
 The first major way is water conservation. Since one of the biggest causes of water shortage is the increase in demand of water. As the standard of living in developed countries has augmented, the amount of water the people use has massively increased. They have come to take a shower or bath and do laundry and so on much more than they use to. Putting this fact into consideration, it is imperative for people in developed countries to try to conserve and deliver as much water as possible to developing countries.
 The second major way is amelioration of the environment. Many environmental issues play a crucial role in water shortage. Deforestation causes lack of clean water because forests ensure clean water by absorption of rain water in a while. Moreover abnormal weather aggravates water shortage because the primary cause of it is lack of precipitation.
 As I mentioned, there are the aforementioned two major ways to alleviate water shortage problems.

メモ

水不足解消法です。
世界の水不足は本当に深刻で、このようなトピックを書いていると、いかに日本が恵まれているかが分かります。
日本の全人口の約10倍もの人が、清潔な水を飲めない状況です。
このままでは、今後、人は水をめぐって争うようになり、世界戦争が勃発するなどとの予測もあります。
やはり、人々の助け合いの精神と、環境問題の解決の二つが決め手だと思います。