Education 18

TOPIC

Praise or punishment ? which is more effective in educating children?

(上記TOPIC、英語で意見を論理的に述べる技術とトレーニング第7章より引用)

Essay

 In my opinion, praise and punishment both have benefits when educating children because children benefit most from self-motivated study.
 When it comes to study, praise is more effective in educating children because it will encourage them to make further effort in their study. If children receive praise when they are successful in study, they will feel that their efforts bear fruit. In this way, study is reflection of life. The more effort you make, the better results you achieve. I feel that children should learn about this at an early age. Moreover punishment will only lower child’s morale to study because nobody wants to be forced to do something. Therefore as for study, praise is more effective.
 When it comes to the situation when children do something bad intentionally just for fun, punishment is more effective because adults must make them realize what is right and wrong. If they receive punishment when they do bad things intentionally, they can be inculcated with a sense of discipline. Therefore in this case punishment is more effective.
 As I mentioned, it all depends on the situation.

メモ

褒めるか叱るか - どちらが子供に効果的か?です。
勉強では、褒めるほうが、故意に遊び心で悪い事をしたときは、叱るのがいいとしてみました。
私は、褒められようが叱られようが、それが理にかなっていれば、そしてそれを子供が理にかなっていると自覚、理解できれば、先に、大きな弊害が出るようなことはないのではないか?と思います。