Science and Technology 02

TOPIC

The advantages and disadvantages of technological development

Essay

◆ Pros
 Although there are certain disadvantages of technological development, it is very clear to anyone that technology has made amazing accomplishments and I would like to mention the two primary advantages.
 The first primary advantage is medical development. Today, life expectancy has been increasing exponentially, and people can enjoy their life with much less discomfort of suffering from many health problems, and diseases which had been considered to be incurable can be cured now. Considering these things and the fact that many people think that nothing is more important than health and human lives are irreplaceable, it can be said that medical development is surely one of the best things about technological development.
 The second primary advantage is convenience. Thanks to technological development, people can enjoy many things such as safe shelter, electricity, communicating with anyone anywhere in the world, getting information quickly, and so on. These things surely make our life so much easier and efficient. The fact that even people who are against modern technology never stop using it proves that convenience is one of the greatest things about technological development.
 As I mentioned, I believe that the aforementioned things, medical development and convenience, are the two primary advantages of technological development.
(205 Words)

◆ Cons
 Although now people enjoy the benefits of technology, there are also harsh aspects to it and now I would like to mention the three disadvantages of technological development.
 The first disadvantage is weapon of mass destruction. In World War I, it is said that chemical weapons caused about 1.3 million casualties and 90 thousand soldiers died. In World War II, it is said that atomic bombs killed more than 240 thousand Japanese people and many people are still suffering from the after-effect. Considering these things, people must admit that weaponry is one of the worst things about technological development.
 The second disadvantage is environmental pollution. Since the industrial revolution has damaged the environment dramatically, there are many environmental problems now such as global warming, air and water pollution, destruction of ozone layer, deforestation, acid rain, and so on.
 The third disadvantage is loss of human bonding. As cell phones and personal computers have become more and more ubiquitous, people have come to unable to build and enjoy good human relationships. People nowadays feel lonely and suffer from mental illness and even commit suicide because of lack of human bonds.
 Considering that these things wouldn’t have happened if it had not been for technological development, the disadvantages of technological development are extremely serious.
(215 Words)

Date:June 12, 2012

メモ

◆ トピック:テクノロジー発展の長所と短所

これも、良く耳にする話題で、色々なトピックに応用できる内容だと思います。
例によって、賛成派と反対派(長所と短所)を書きました。

賛成派では、
「医療の発展」
「便利性」
の2つを、キーアイディアに書いてみました。

反論としては、
「人の命に人が干渉する事は、倫理的にどうなのか?長生きが、かならずしも良い事とは限らないのではないか?」
「便利になったせいで、人との絆が失われたり、運動不足になったりするのではないか?」
などが考えられます。

反対派では、
「大量破壊兵器」
「環境汚染」
「人間関係が希薄になる」
の3つを、キーアイディアに書いてみました。

反論としては、
「大量破壊兵器は、作る人、使う人に、責任があるのであって、科学そのものが悪いわけではないのでは?」
「これからは、科学技術を使って、環境を良くする事も出来るのでは?」
「むしろ、科学の発展のおかげで、世界中の人とコミュニケーションを取れるようになったのでは?」
などが考えられますね。

光がさせば必ず影もさす、といわれるように、なにかが、発展すれば、かならず副作用がでるのかもしれません。
副作用があまりにも深刻なので、今回は、反対派のほうが書きやすかったです。
それでも、最終的には、「どう使うか?」が大事だと思います。
反論されたら、「それは、使う「人間」の問題であって、「科学」そのものの問題ではない」と答えられると思います。