Politics & International Relations 04

TOPIC

The pros and cons of democracy

Essay

◆ Pros
 Although some people are against democracy, I am for it for the two following reasons.
 The first reason is that democracy can eradicate unfair hierarchy. In a hierarchical world, people with high rank suppress people with lower rank. However democracy can lead the government to listen to those people without power. This is really important because all people are created equally and it is just unfair to rank people no matter what. Imagine if people discriminated against you or people with high rank suppressed you just because you were born into a lower class. How would you feel? This kind of thing should be gotten rid of from this world.
 The second reason is that democracy can eliminate unfair bureaucracy if corruption is controlled. In a bureaucratic world, conservative people with old-fashioned way of thinking govern the country. This must be avoided because a good leader must have innovative mind and be open to different perspectives. Otherwise the leader cannot manage the country well. Therefore democracy is important because it can put conservative people who do not have what it takes to be a good leader out of the power.
 As I mentioned, for the aforementioned two reasons, I am for democracy.
(204 Words)

◆ Cons
 Although some people are for democracy, I am against it for the two following reasons.
 The first reason is that democracy makes the world a place where the majority suppresses the minority. This is the very cause of any bullying and discrimination. Many people have been bullied because they have some peculiar characteristic, in other words, because they are the minority. Many people are suffering from racism because their race is different from the norm in the region, in other words, because they are the minority. All these things are attributed to democracy where the majority suppresses the minority.
 The second reason is that democracy makes dictatorship much easier. As I said earlier, in a democratic world, the majority suppresses the minority, so all a dictator has to do is just brainwashing the majority. Then, the world becomes his or hers. Looking back on the human history and thinking of what famous dictators have done and considering that people are easy to socially condition and brainwash, democracy is a very dangerous thing. It is almost a thing of the past and obsolete.
 As I mentioned, for the aforementioned two reasons, I am against democracy.
(196 Words)

Date:January 29, 2013

メモ

◆ トピック:民主主義の賛否

例によって、賛成派と反対派を書きました。

賛成派では、
「不公平な階級主義を根絶できる」
「不公平な官僚主義を排除できる」
の2つを、キーアイディアに書いてみました。

反論としては、
「富や力を持つ上層階級の人間が賄賂などを使えば、表向きだけ民主主義の、階級主義になってしまうのでは?」
「力を持つ官僚が、メディアなどを使って、大衆を心理操作すれば、結局、官僚主義と同じでは?」
などが考えられます。

反対派では、
「多数派が少数派を虐げる世界になってしまう」
「独裁政治がやりやすくなる」
の2つを、キーアイディアに書いてみました。

反論としては、
「全ての人を満足させる事は出来ないので、なるべく多くの人、つまり多数派を満足させようとするのは、悪いことではないのでは?」
「国民の一人一人が、社会の固定観念や、メディアや政治家の言う事を、鵜呑みにしないように、気を付ければいいのでは?」
などが考えられます。