Mass Media 02

TOPIC

The pros and cons of TV news

Essay

◆ Pros
 Although there are several disadvantages of TV news, I believe that the advantages overweigh the disadvantages for the three following reasons.
 The first reason is that TV news is a great way to know what is happening around the world. Taking the fact that people have the right to know and almost all the people have a TV at home, it can be said that it is one of the most effective ways for people to exercise the right.
 The second reason is that TV news can provide information in real time. If there is some urgent news such as natural disasters, a murder suspect still at large, and so on, TV news can broadcast it immediately and inform people about the danger and what to do. As these things can be a matter of life and death, the immediacy of TV news is a real benefit.
 The third reason is that TV news consists of video and sound so that people with eyesight problems can hear the sound and people with hearing problems can see the video and subtitles and people with dyslexia can receive information correctly. Newspapers and radio programs cannot do this.
 For the aforementioned three reasons, although there are several disadvantages of TV news, I believe that the advantages overweigh the disadvantages.
(219 Words)

◆ Cons
 Although there are several advantages of TV news, I believe that the disadvantages overweigh the benefits for the three following reasons.
 The first reason is that TV news sensationalizes crimes and accidents and spreads negativity too much in order to attract people’s attention because what they want the most is a high audience rating. As a result, it is full of over-hyped negative news, and people who watch it come to be afraid of each other, and consequently the world is becoming more and more inhuman.
 The second reason is that TV news facilitates discrimination and prejudice. TV news programs label certain people or behavior as bad and naive people believe that it is a fact and come to have preconceived ideas against those people.
 The third reason is that TV news can unfairly control the public opinion. TV news has too much power and influence on people. If TV news broadcasts that something is good and something is bad again and again, some people will be easily brainwashed and, what is worse, these people do not realize that they have been brainwashed. Thus, the media controls people.
 For the aforementioned three reasons, although there are several advantages of TV news, I believe that the disadvantages overweigh the benefits.
(212 Words)

Date:July 06, 2012

メモ

◆ トピック:テレビニュースの賛否

例によって、賛成派と反対派を書きました。

賛成派では、
「世界の出来事を知るのに、最適な方法」
「リアルタイムで情報を受信できる」
「映像と音声から成っているので、視覚障害、聴覚障害、識字障害を持つ方でも、情報を受信できる」
の3つを、キーアイディアに、書いてみました。

反論としては、
「知らなくてもいい情報が多すぎるのではないか?」
「リアルタイムでの受信が必要になる時はめったにないのではないか?」
「それは、なにもテレビのニュースでなくてもいいのでは?」
などが考えられます。

反対派では、
「視聴率を得たいだけで、犯罪や事故を、センセーショナルに報道し、ネガティヴをまき散らす」
「偏見や差別を助長する」
「世論を不正にコントロールする」
の3つを、キーアイディアに書いてみました。

反論としては、
「危険は危険であり、用心するに越したことはないのでは?」
「それは、視聴者側の問題であって、テレビニュースそのものの問題ではないのでは?」
「視聴者側が、気を付けていれば、問題ないのでは?」
などが考えられます。

上では書きませんでしたが、「犯罪や事故の被害者のプライバシーを侵害する」というのも、反対派のキーアイディアになると思います。
未成年の犯罪者は、更生の名の下、プライバシーが保護されるのに、被害者や、ご遺族のプライバシーが、保護されないのは、あまりにも不公平だ、と言えると思います。

事故や犯罪の被害者の写真や実名を報道するのは原則禁止にして、本人や家族の許可が取れた時のみ、OKというのが、もっとも公平だと、個人的には、思います。