Medicine 04

TOPIC

Is it right to prolong life?

Essay

◆ Pros
 I strongly believe that it is right to prolong life for the three following reasons.
 The first reason is that there is nothing wrong with saving lives. All the creatures have the instinct to survive so that it is natural for human beings to try to prolong life, and it is important in terms of conservation of the species.
 The second reason is that it is tantamount to murder to let people die when they can be saved. It is illegal not to try to save people when one can and there is no danger for them.
 The third reason is that there is no reason not to do so when no one is harmed and all the people involved are happy about it. It is extremely illogical that the third person whom it does not concern intervenes with other people’s business. Even if one believes that it is ethically wrong to prolong life, that is just that person’s subjective opinion, and it is unfair to force it on others.
 As I mentioned, for the aforementioned three reasons, I strongly believe that it is right to prolong life.
(191 Words)

◆ Cons
 I strongly believe that it is wrong to prolong life for the following three reasons.
 The first reason is that people do not have the right to control life. It is only God who has the right. It is nothing but the blasphemy to tamper with human life.
 The second reason is that forcing patients to live may make them suffer unnecessarily. For example, in many cases, cancer patients can die much more painlessly when they are not treated. When patients want a painless death and do not want to live, then doctors should respect the patients’ will.
 The third reason is that it is unfair to force subjective opinions on other people. The belief that saving life is right and health and longevity are good things is just a subjective opinion, not a fact. Some people want to die early and do not want longevity. It is illogical to force the one-sided belief on others. Constitution ensures that all the people have the right to have their own beliefs and not to be forced to have particular values by others.
 As I mentioned, for the aforementioned three reasons, I believe that it is wrong to prolong life.
(201 Words)

Date:December 14, 2012

メモ

◆ トピック:延命治療は正しいか?

例によって、賛成派と反対派を書きました。

賛成派では、
「人の命を救う事は決して悪いことではない」
「助かるのに、見殺しにする事は、殺人に等しい」
「誰にも害がなく、関係者全員が納得しているなら、やらない理由はない」
の3つを、キーアイディアに書いてみました。

反論としては、
「人間が命に干渉していいのか?」
「それは、助かる場合で、脳死など、もう助からない場合はどうか?」
「賄賂などのように、関係者全員が納得していても、犯罪になることもあるのでは?」
などが考えられます。

反対派では、
「人間には命をコントロールする権利はない」
「延命処置は、不必要に患者を苦しめる事にもなりえる」
「主観的意見を他人に押し付けるのは不公平」
の3つを、キーアイディアに書いてみました。

反論としては、
「命を救おうとする事が、命をコントロールする事なのか?」
「現在では、麻酔技術が発達しているので、苦しめずに延命処置を行う事も出来るのでは?」
「延命処置をするのは意見の押しつけではないし、まだ生きられるのに死のうとする事は罪なのでは?」
などが考えられますね。

議論の的になる話題です。
今は、Living Willといって、生前に遺書として、その旨を残しておけば、無理な延命処置で苦しむことなく、安楽死、尊厳死の道を選べる場合もあるようです。
参考URL:
http://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E3%83%AA%E3%83%93%E3%83%B3%E3%82%B0%E3%83%BB%E3%82%A6%E3%82%A3%E3%83%AB