Marriage 03

TOPIC

The merits and demerits of common law marriage

Essay

◆ Pros
 Although some people are against common law marriage, I believe that it is a great thing and now I would like to mention about the primary merits of common law marriage.
 The first primary merit is that one can maintain their first name. There are still a lot of countries where one of a couple, which is often a woman, must change their first name to the other’s one. This can be considered unfair discrimination. Woman must have the right to maintain their first name after marriage, and common law marriage helps them to do so and to enjoy equal relationships with man.
 The second primary merit is that it helps people avoid legal complications. One of the worst demerits of normal marriage is that one is restricted by civil laws. If one gets married normally, there are many laws which limit their freedom, and I believe no one, including the government, has the right to restrict other people’s freedom. So common law marriage is there to help people who want freedom and also want to live as a married couple with their partner to avoid inconvenient legal issues and enjoy the state of marriage.
 In conclusion, these aforementioned things are the primary merits of common law marriage.
(210 Words)

◆ Cons
 Although there are some advantages of common law marriage, there are the disadvantages too and now I would like to mention about the primary demerits.
 The first primary demerit is that common law marriage is legally invalid and this entails many problems. Many rights which are accepted if a couple are normally married are not accepted such as spousal tax deduction, spousal inheritance rights, spousal life insurance issues, the status of children as legitimate ones, not bastards, and so on. These things can severely affect the couple’s daily life and their children.
 The second primary demerit is that common law marriage is not widely propagated and socially accepted yet so that it can be difficult to receive other people’s approval. There are still many people who do not even know the concept of common law marriage and who think that one who is not married normally after a certain age is something wrong. It is often difficult to deal with these old-fashioned people and unfair stereotypes because social conditioning is extremely effective and powerful even if it is unfair.
 In conclusion, these aforementioned things are the primary demerits of common law marriage.
(194 Words)

Date:August 28, 2012

メモ

◆ トピック:事実婚の賛否

これは、知識が無かったので、いろいろ、参考にさせてもらって書きました。

賛成派では、
「ファーストネームを維持できる」
「わずらわしい法律を避けられる」
の2つを、キーアイディアに書いてみました。

反論としては、
「結婚後も、旧姓で仕事をする事は出来るのでは?」
「配偶者控除が得られないなど、むしろ事実婚のほうが、法律上わずらわしい問題が多いのでは?」
などが考えられます。

反対派は、
「事実婚は法律上正式な結婚と認められないため、それに伴う問題が生じる」
「まだ普及しておらず、社会的に認められていないので、他者の理解を得にくい」
の2つを、キーアイディアに書いてみました。

反論としては、
「法律上正式な結婚をしたせいで起きる問題もあるのではないか?」
「価値観が多様化している今、昔ほど、そんなことはないのではないか?」
などが考えられますね。

参考URL
http://allabout.co.jp/gm/gc/68530/