Environment 03

TOPIC

The pros and cons of daylight saving time

Essay

◆ Pros
 Although there are some demerits of daylight saving time, I believe that the advantages overweigh the disadvantages and now I would like to mention about the primary merits of daylight saving time.
 The first primary merit is that people have longer free time. Considering the fact that human economic activities are the biggest reason for environmental pollution, making the time when people do not work longer is certainly a great idea.
 The second primary merit is that it helps people to cultivate a habit of keeping early hours. Due to daylight saving time, people have to wake up one hour earlier than usual. Since keeping early hours is one of the best ways to maintain health, this is a real benefit too.
 The primary disadvantages are that it can confuse people and it can shorten sleeping time. However, when it comes to the confusion, all one has to do is just to move clock one hour forward during the time. How hard is that? When it comes to shortening of sleeping time, daylight saving time does not mean that one must stay outside late no matter what. If one needs sleep, then they can just go home early and sleep.
 For the aforementioned reasons, I believe that the advantages overweigh the disadvantages.
(215 Words)

◆ Cons
 Although there are some merits of daylight saving time, I believe that the disadvantages overweigh the advantages and now I would like to mention about the primary demerits of daylight saving time.
 The first primary demerit is that it confuses people. In spring one has to make clock one hour forward and in fall one has to make it back. This is confusing and inconvenient.
 The second demerit is that it shortens sleeping time. One has to wake up one hour earlier than usual as a result of daylight saving time. This is really troublesome and stressful especially for people who want longer sleeping time.
 The third primary demerit is that there is no need to force people who are against daylight saving time to obey it. If one wants to keep early hours, they can just do so. If one wants to take advantage of longer daylight hours, then they can just do so. There is no need to coerce people who do not want it into it. Forcing unwanted things on others is a breach of fundamental human right.
 For the aforementioned reasons, I believe that the disadvantages overweigh the advantages.
(196 Words)

Date:August 28, 2012

メモ

◆ トピック:サマータイムの賛否

例によって、賛成派と反対派を書きました。

賛成派では、
「自由な時間が増える」
「早寝早起きの習慣が身につく」
の2つを、キーアイディアに、そして、3つ目のキーアイディアで、反対派への反論を書いて、長所が短所を上回ると、書いてみました。

反論としては、
「時計を1時間早めたからって、自由な時間が増えるわけではないのでは?」
「たった1時間しか違わないから、意味ないのでは?」
などが考えられます。

反対派では、
「混乱を招く」
「睡眠時間が減る」
「サマータイム反対の人に、それを強いる必要はない」
の3つを、キーアイディアに書いてみました。

反論としては、
「サマータイム時に、1時間時計を早めるだけなので、混乱は起きないのでは?」
「睡眠時間を長くとりたければ、早く家に帰ればいいのでは?」
「世間がサマータイムだろうが、従いたくない人は、無理に従う必要はないのでは?」
などが考えられますね。

これは、国によりますね。
欧米のように、その日の仕事が終わり次第、当たり前に帰れる、労働文化の国では、労働時間が減り、サマータイムは、プラスになると言われているようです。
逆に、日本のように、残業するのが当たり前という圧力のある、労働文化の国では、むしろ、労働時間が増え、睡眠時間が減り、従業員にとって、負担になるという見方が強いようです。

参考URL
http://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E5%A4%8F%E6%99%82%E9%96%93#.E5.A4.8F.E6.99.82.E9.96.93.E5.B0.8E.E5.85.A5.E3.81.AB.E5.AF.BE.E3.81.99.E3.82.8B.E5.8F.8D.E5.AF.BE.E8.AB.96