Economy and Business 05

TOPIC

The pros and cons of basic income

Essay

◆ Pros
 I believe that basic income is one of the greatest policies the government can implement for the three following reasons.
 The first reason is that it will reduce crime rates. It is a fact that poverty begets many crimes. However, if people can receive basic income, people do not have to steal foods or commit money-related crimes for their own survival, and as a result, the number of crime will decrease.
 The second reason is that it will alleviate the declining birthrate. Basic income is given to each individual so that the more children a family has the more money they get. Considering that one of the biggest reasons of declining birthrate is that young couples do not have enough money to have many children, this will absolutely be a great incentive to boost birthrate.
 The third reason is that it will make the world a more considerate society. Human beings are animal who wants to help others once one’s basic desires are satisfied. Therefore, if the government provides the people with basic income, people do not have to work for their own survival, and consequently they will be able to be more thoughtful to others.
 For the three aforementioned reasons, I am for basic income.
(209 Words)

◆ Cons
 Although some people say that basic income should become a human right, there are many problems and I believe that the disadvantages overweigh the advantages for the two following reasons.
 The first reason is that it will lower the motivation and morale to work and people will become lazy, and consequently the society will degrade. As the saying goes “Idle hands are the devil’s workshop,” lazy people will do something bad and the number of crime will increase.
 The second reason is that people will stop inventing and competing. As the saying goes, “Need is the mother of invention,” when human beings need something, they develop great inventions. People needed, and have invented the concept of money to make exchange of worth easier. It is healthy competition for survival that develops the world. People had competed to overcome hunger and now we have developed the technology to secure enough foods. However, if people receive basic income, there will be no need to invent and compete anymore and the industry and technology will deteriorate.
 For the two aforementioned reasons, I believe that the disadvantages overweigh the advantages and therefore I am against basic income.
(195 Words)

Date:April 29, 2013

メモ

◆ トピック:ベーシック・インカムの賛否

例によって、賛成派と反対派を書きました。

賛成派では、
「犯罪が減る」
「少子化を緩和する」
「もっと思いやりのある社会になる」
の3つを、キーアイディアに書いてみました。

反論としては、
「小人閑居して不善をなすと言われるとおり、むしろ犯罪が増えるのでは?」
「収入が足りないから子供を作らないと言うのは表面上の理由で、本当の理由は本人たちも気付いていないもっと深い所にあるので、少子化の緩和にはならないのでは?」
「労働意欲が薄れ、むしろもっと思いやりのない社会になるのでは?」
などが考えられます。

反対派では、
「労働意欲を下げる」
「人が発明や競争をしなくなる」
の2つを、キーアイディアに書いてみました。

反論としては、
「人間は自分の基本的欲求が保障されると、今度は、困っている人を助けたくなる生き物なので、むしろ、人を助ける仕事をする人が増えるのでは?」
「むしろ、ベーシック・インカムのおかげで、発明や競争に没頭できるようになるのでは?」
などが考えられますね。

参考URL:
http://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E3%83%99%E3%83%BC%E3%82%B7%E3%83%83%E3%82%AF%E3%82%A4%E3%83%B3%E3%82%AB%E3%83%A0#.E5.B0.91.E5.AD.90.E5.8C.96.E5.AF.BE.E7.AD.96