Economy and Business 03

TOPIC

The pros and cons of the merit system

Essay

◆ Pros
 Although some people are against the merit system, I am for it for the two following reasons.
 The first reason is that the merit system enhances employees’ morale. No matter how hard they work, if they are not evaluated fairly, it is inevitable that employees’ moral declines. However, if they are evaluated based on ability, they would put more effort into their work in order to make profit for company or improve their skills and consequently businesses will flourish and it will have a great impact on economy. This is a real benefit especially in this world economic recession.
 The second reason is that the merit system can eliminate bureaucracy where people with no ability receive big salary and have strong influence just because they have connections or have stayed in the company longer while young people with high ability receive small salary and have only weak influence. This is the very cause of economic stagnation and the unfair gap between the rich and the poor. The bureaucrats’ exploitation of poor people and young workers is one of the worst things in the world and must be eradicated.
 As I mentioned, for the two aforementioned reasons, I am for the merit system.
(204 Words)

◆ Cons
 Although some people are for the merit system, I am against it for the two following reasons.
 The first reason is that company is responsible for fostering employees' ability. The merit system makes companies hire only people who already have ability. This is the companies’ evasion of responsibility to educate and train employees. Moreover, in the long run, this could be a serious loss because with education some workers would become competent business people who make a great profit for the company even if they are not capable now.
 The second reason is that companies should evaluate loyalty and diligence of employees. Even if they are not that capable, employees with loyalty and diligence are trustworthy as human beings and these people are the ones who actually help the company when in trouble. As an old saying goes, “a friend in need is a friend indeed.” In the company’s crisis, people with ability but no loyalty will leave and get a new job at a different company. People with diligence make effort to improve their skills and could become much better workers than people with ability but no diligence.
 As I mentioned, for the aforementioned two reasons, I am against the merit system.
(205 Words)

Date:August 17, 2012

メモ

◆ トピック:実力主義の賛否

例によって、賛成派と反対派を書きました。

賛成派では、
「従業員の士気を高める」
「官僚主義を排除できる」
の2つを、キーアイディアに書いてみました。

反論としては、
「お金を稼ぐ能力だけで人間を判断するのはどうなのか?」
「会社が実力主義になった所で、上層部の官僚主義は無くならないのでは?」
などが考えられます。

反対派では、
「会社は従業員を育成する責任がある」
「会社は忠誠や勤勉を重んじるべき」
の2つを、キーアイディアに書いてみました。

反論としては、
「従業員の育成は従業員自身がするべきで、会社の責任ではないのでは?」
「いくら、忠誠で勤勉でも、従業員としての能力が低かったらどうか?」
などが考えられますね。

このほかにも、色々と、使えるキーアイディアは、あると思います。
以下の、ページに書かれているように、失敗例を上げて、反対すると、強いアーギュメントが出来ると思います。
参考URL
http://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E6%88%90%E6%9E%9C%E4%B8%BB%E7%BE%A9