Culture 05

TOPIC

The pros and cons of shame culture

Essay

◆ Pros
 It has always been said that Japanese culture is shame culture and you only have to live there for a while to notice it and I believe that this is a good thing. Now I would like to mention about the advantages of shame culture.
 Firstly, it works as a deterrent of crime. The people’s beliefs that it is shameful to resort to violence or to steal something from others are one of the biggest reasons of Japan’s low crime rates.
 Secondly, it facilitates to enhance the academic standards. Most of the people believe that ignorance is shameful and this sense of shame is one of the great motivations for learning. It is psychological fact that it is a strong desire for human beings to want to avoid the unpleasant situation of being a disgrace.
 Thirdly, it helps to maintain the public order. What is needed the most to keep public order is each individual’s attitude and the common sense that it is shameful to be a public disturbance.
 As I mentioned, since shame culture has the many advantages, I believe that it is a great thing and hope many other countries will work the same way.
(200 Words)

◆ Cons
 Japanese culture is shame culture and this is the very cause of many problems. Now I would like to mention the disadvantages.
 Firstly, it is a very cause of any kind of discrimination and prejudice and bullying because people discriminate and prejudge and bully the ones who are defined as a failure by the society.
 Secondly, it is an extremely dirty conduct for the government to brainwash and control the people by this shame culture according to their convenience. For example, the government make the people believe that it is shameful that your salary is low because the government wants the people to earn as much money as possible and pay as much tax as possible.
 Thirdly, it increases the suicide rates. Hara-kiri culture represents the fact that many Japanese people choose death over shame and this is one the biggest reasons of Japan’s high suicide rates.
 For these aforementioned reasons, Japanese shame culture is the very cause of many problems. This concept of “shame” will never make anybody happy and we should graduate from the present trend to try to control people by stigmatization and I hope that this bad culture will be eradicated some day.
(200 Words)

Date:September 30, 2013

メモ

◆ トピック: 恥の文化の賛否

賛成派では、
「暴力をふるったり、盗みをしたりするのは、恥ずかしい事だという一人一人の観念が、犯罪の抑止力になる」
「知らない事は恥ずかしい事という観念が、学習意欲を促し、学力向上に繋がる」
「世間の迷惑になる事は恥ずかしい事という常識が、公共の秩序を維持するの事に繋がる」
の3つをキーアイディアに、書いてみました。

反論としては、
「間違いを犯さない人間はいないのに、間違いを犯した後、間違える事は恥だという観念のせいで、多くの人が立ち直れなくなるのでは?」
「真の学習意欲とは、自発的に何かを知りたい学びたいと思う気持ちの事で、恥の観念から出てきたものは、本当の向上心とは言えないのでは?」
「大衆が戦争肯定派の独裁者などに洗脳されている場合、平和を唱える人間が、世間の迷惑と定義されてしまい、大変な事になるのでは?」
などが考えられます。

反対派では、
「普通の人より遅れているのは恥ずかしい事だなどという観念は、差別や偏見やいじめの、最たる原因」
「恥と言う概念を使って、国民を洗脳し、自分たちの都合の良いようにマインドコントロールするのは、非常に卑劣な行為」
「昔から切腹と言う文化があるように、恥よりも死を選ぶものは多く、恥の文化は、自殺者を増やす」
の3つをキーアイディアに、書いてみました。

反論としては、
「その情けないという思いや、差別や偏見やいじめの悔しさを、バネに、成功した人もたくさんいるのでは?」
「人や国の成長を促すようなマインドコントロールは、洗脳は洗脳でも、良い洗脳ではないか?」
「日本の警察庁の調査によると、自殺の動機の過半数は、健康問題と、経済問題の、二つなので、恥の文化は関係ないのでは?」
などが考えられます。